Language Enhancement Programme

Fun English

Vocabulary for this week

The following vocabulary items were collected from South China Morning Post on 16 December, 2016 in the article titled "Facebook to red-flag fake news with help of its users and third-party fact-checkers":

  1. flag標示 (v.): to mark for attention
    E.g. Facebook will begin flagging fake news stories.
     
  2. torrent (n.): a lot of words spoken to
    E.g. The jury decided in October not to charge Washington, setting off a torrent of criticism in the black community.
     
  3. behemoth (n.): something that is very large
    E.g. Readers will be able to alert Facebook to possible fake news stories, which the social media behemoth will then send to outside fact-checking organisations.
     
  4. arbiter仲裁人 (n.): a person empowered to decide matters at issue
    E.g. The government will be the final arbiter in the dispute.
     
  5. abdicate (v.): to stop controlling or managing something a person is in charge of
    E.g. She abdicated all responsibility for the project.
     
  6. thwart (v.): to stop something from happening
    E.g. The rise of fake news across Facebook and other social media has quickly become a global problem, with tech companies, including Twitter, rolling out changes to attempt to thwart the trend.
     


The following vocabulary items were collected from The Standard on 25 November, 2016 in the article titled "New life for four historic sites":

  1. historic vs. historical (adj.)
    Historic’ means famous or important in history (e.g. historic buildings, historic sites, a historic moment), whereas ‘historical’ means concerning history or historical events (e.g. historical evidence/research, historical figure). Thus, a historic event is one that was very important in history, but a historical event is something happened in the past (Oxford University Press, 2016).
     
  2. revitalize (or revitalize) (v.): to make a place active again
    E.g. Four historic buildings will revitalized in the latest batch, including grade I structure Roberts Block.
     
  3. batch (n.) [countable]: a group of things that are dealt with together
    E.g. Applications for the fifth batch started yesterday, and will run until March 23.
     
  4. conservationist (n.) [countable]: someone who works to protect old buildings
     
  5. lookout 瞭望所 (n.) [countable]: a high place where a person can look at what is happening in the area around him/her in order to watch for any danger
    E.g. The former Lau Fau Shan Police Station was built on a small knoll and his cyclical rooftops were used as lookouts.
     
  6. barracks 兵營 (n.): a building or group of buildings where soldiers live
    E.g. Grade 1 structure Roberts Block, which was part of the British Army’s old Victoria Barracks in the Admiralty area, was built in the early 1990s.
     
  7. heritage 遺產 (n.) [uncountable]: buildings that were created in the past and still have historical importance
    E.g. These monuments are a vital part of the cultural heritage of South America.
     
  8. revamp (v.): to change something in order to improve it and make it seem more modern
    E.g. Many older companies are revamping their image.
     


The following vocabulary items were collected from The Standard on 11 November, 2016 in the article titled "Court urged to disqualify eight lawmakers over oath-taking":

  1. oath宣誓 (n.): a formal and very serious promise
    E.g. The High Court is being asked to disqualify eight pro-democracy camp legislators for making "invalid oaths".
     
  2. oath-taking (n.): an action of making an oath
    E.g. Court urged to disqualify eight lawmakers over oath-taking.
     
  3. retroactive 追加的 (adj.): operative with respect to past occurrences
    E.g. a retroactive pay increase
     
  4. summons 傳召令 (n.) (plural: summonses): an official order to appear in a court of law
    E.g. The originating summons said Leung Kwok-hung of the League of Social Democrats held a yellow umbrella.
     
  5. covenant契約 (n.): a legal agreement
    E.g. He has set out the terms of his covenant and they have been agreed.
     
  6. rule 裁定(v.): to decide judicially or authoritatively
    E.g. One part of the bill was ruled unconstitutional.
     
  7. vacate騰出 (v.): to leave a position so that it is available for someone else
    E.g. The applicant demanded the High Court declare their oaths invalid and vacate their seats.
     
  8. injunction禁制令 (n.): an order given by a court, which tells someone not to do something
    E.g. The family is seeking an injunction against the book's publication.